FANews
FANews
RELATED CATEGORIES
Category Legal Affairs
SUB CATEGORIES General | 

Insurers’ role in losses caused by malfunctioning technology

26 March 2019 Patrick Bracher, Norton Rose Fulbright
Patrick Bracher at Norton Rose Fulbright

Patrick Bracher at Norton Rose Fulbright

One of the major issues facing the law in an age of autonomous technology is the question of who is liable for damage caused by a machine or artificial intelligence either by physical injury or the failure of a contract. Insurers will have a major role to play.

If a machine such as a driverless car causes damage or injury to third parties because of a defect that the vehicle owner could not possibly have known about (so that they are not negligent) who is liable for the damages? The third party cannot be left with a claim against the designer or manufacturer of the machine because product liability is impossible or expensive to prove. The only practical solution is for the person operating the machine or relying on the artificial intelligence to have compulsory insurance and personal liability if the insurance is not in place.

Similar issues arise if an autonomously generated contract turns out to be void or if there is a breach of contract by the technology (hard or soft) that sits behind the transaction. It is not possible to have compulsory insurance for every contract entered into. Liability will have to be based on principles similar to vicarious liability where a person is liable for the actions of employees or agents who act on their behalf or who act in the course of employment or the mandate with the contracting party.

In the meantime insurers should be designing policies that insure injury to persons or damage to property caused by malfunctioning machines or algorithms.

We are going to need legislation to deal with these issues. Unfortunately most legislatures are far behind the advances in technology.

These are some of the issues discussed by Lord Hodge at the first Edinburgh FinTech law lecture in March 2019 which is worth reading.

 

First published by: Financial Institutions Legal Snapshot

Quick Polls

QUESTION

What is your one-liner for the 2024 National Budget speech?

ANSWER

Creepy failure to adjust income tax, medical tax credits
Overall happy, it should support economic growth
Overall unhappy, soaring public sector wages and broken SOEs suck..
There are too few taxpayers, too many grant recipients.
fanews magazine
FAnews February 2024 Get the latest issue of FAnews

This month's headlines

On the insurance industry’s radar in 2024
Insurers, risk managers unsure of AI’s judgement credentials
Is offshore the place to be in 2024?
Gap claims: erosion of medical benefits, soaring specialist fees
Investments and retirement… is conventional wisdom under threat?
Subscribe now