Entrepreneurs will be a leading source of job creation this year

17 June 2015 Ernst & Young

• 47% of entrepreneurs expect to increase their global workforce this year • Entrepreneurs increasingly confident in the global economy • Strong entrepreneurial ambitions among young people - 65% want to run their own business “at some point”

Entrepreneurs are leading global job creation, with 47% of entrepreneurs expecting to increase their total global workforce this year. This is according to the EY global job creation and youth entrepreneurship survey 2015, a study into the impact entrepreneurship has on the global jobs market that asked 2,345 entrepreneurs about their hiring plans. The survey also asked 2,807 young people about their entrepreneurial ambitions and found that more than half of young people (65%) want to be entrepreneurs at some point in their careers.

Entrepreneurs lead job creation

While 47% of entrepreneurs globally expect to increase their total workforce in the next 12 months, this rises to 77% among those that have competed in EY’s Entrepreneur of the Year Program worldwide. These figures from entrepreneurs contrast strikingly with the hiring plans of senior executives at large corporates, with 29% of them expecting to create jobs in the next year, as reported in EY’s recently released Global Capital Confidence Barometer.

Mark Weinberger, Global Chairman & CEO of EY, says:

“The global economy is on the road to sustained recovery, but growth is slow. One often missed opportunity to fuel growth is empowering and supporting entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurs continue to defy global trends in their levels of economic confidence and plans for workforce expansion, and this survey clearly shows that. Governments and business should work together with entrepreneurs to create the right ecosystems for success.”

Job growth driven by soaring confidence

The survey shows entrepreneurs have had a dramatic uptick in positive sentiment toward the economy, with 71% reporting confidence in the economic direction of their domestic market and 66% confident in the economic direction of the global economy (up from 46% in the 2014 survey).

There is, however, clear geographical deviation, with China (95%), India (90%), Middle East/North Africa (MENA) (90%) and sub-Saharan Africa (81%), showing the highest confidence in the global economy, and France (52%), Australia (51%) and Japan (49%) showing the lowest, which is a reflection of overall economic conditions in those geographies.

Despite rising confidence, entrepreneurs are mindful of the risks, citing negative market conditions as the top perceived business threat (31%), suggesting that global instability is still on the radar of the world’s businesses.

Hiring is happening

Entrepreneurs are increasingly looking abroad to expand their workforces, with 47% expecting to do so in the next year. According to another EY report, the April 2015 Capital Confidence Barometer, which tracks job creation in large public and privately held companies in 54 countries, shows that only 29% of 1, 600 senior executives surveyed expect to create jobs or hire in the next 12 months.

Amongst those entrepreneurs who anticipate adding talent, the expected average increase to employee number is 17%. Chinese entrepreneurs are most confident about their workforce growth – 67% expecting to add people in the next 12 months, followed by entrepreneurs in sub-Saharan Africa (61%), India (54%) and Mexico (52%).

Ajen Sita, CEO for EY Africa, says:

“Entrepreneurs have always been pioneers looking for new opportunities, pushing the boundaries of what is possible and helping the economy work better through their innovations and drive.”

“Their appetite to hire abroad, especially among younger entrepreneurs, shows that today’s marketplace is a global one, and creates huge opportunities for entrepreneurs with the right ideas, the right support and the determination to grow. It’s clear that entrepreneurs aren’t the only ones who benefit when they start a business, so it’s vital that governments, corporates and entrepreneurs work together to create an environment that encourages and nurtures the entrepreneurial job creators of tomorrow.”

Entrepreneurs are focused on leaving a legacy

The survey finds that entrepreneurs are driven by more than financial gain. Thirty-eight percent cite leaving a positive legacy behind as the “top driver for starting a business outside of goals relating to turnover and profitability”. Other key motivations include making a positive contribution to the wider community (36%) and inspiring others to follow their aspirations (32%).

Entrepreneurs also show a strong commitment to supporting and nurturing young people.
Forty-one percent are providing internships and apprenticeships, peaking at 61% in China. Entrepreneurs that have competed in the EY Entrepreneur Of The YearTM Program worldwide are ahead of the curve in this respect, being almost twice as likely to mentor young people, or provide internships and apprenticeships compared to the rest of the world’s entrepreneurs.

Young people have entrepreneurial ambitions, but need support

For the first time this year, we talked to 2,807 young people aged 18 to 25 in education or involved in the jobs market, to get an idea of their career aspirations and find out how entrepreneurship fits into their plans. Many have entrepreneurial ambitions, with 65% planning to run their own business at some point in their careers, 27% immediately and 38% after working for someone else first. Indeed, one in four (25%) of young people have already started drawing up a business plan.

Notably, what young people with entrepreneurial ambitions most value is guidance and support from today’s entrepreneurs. A “hands-on” internship and mentoring from a leading entrepreneur are seen as the most likely to help them fulfill their goals (39%). It is striking therefore that only 36% say they feel they get enough support from local entrepreneurs, despite 79% of entrepreneurs feeling they do enough to support young people.

At EY, we support youth with entrepreneurial ambitions, through the alliances and initiatives we partner with around the world such as Mara Mentor and Endeavour.

Funding is the biggest barrier to success

In forging ahead with their business aspirations, young people are very much aware of the challenges they face. Topping the list of barriers that could prevent young people from fulfilling their ambitions is:

• Lack of access to funding and negative economic factors (both 43%)
• Competition (25%)
• Lack of access to good advice and self-belief (25%)
• Limited internships (18%)

Sita concludes: “With an estimated 1 billion people workforce in Africa by 2040, we must harness the ambition and optimism displayed by youth or we risk a lost generation of young people, with long-term personal and economic costs. There is an urgent need for business leaders, entrepreneurs and policy-makers to offer young people the support they need to fulfill their potential, through funding, but also through hands-on support, mentoring, job opportunities and on-the-job training.”

EY global job creation and youth entrepreneurship survey 2015 PDF.


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